At Wockhardt Hospitals, Our philosophy is to serve and enrich the quality of life of our patients giving them a winning edge to live life to the fullest. The gift of saving a human life is probably the most compassionate deed of all, where you can give or receive a second chance to normal and healthy life.As part of our endeavour to create awareness on different health issues we would like to provide you information on a life-giving procedure carried out at Wockhardt Hospitals.
Let’s ‘understand the importance and benefits of kidney transplant and its various aspects.
1.What is the importance of the Kidney and its functions?
- The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs situated in the back muscles (on either side of the spine) of the upper abdominal cavity in our body.
- The main function of the kidney is to filter the blood circulating through your body by removing waste and excess salts and regulate the water fluid levels.
- They are also responsible for regulating pH, salt, and potassium levels in the body.
- Produce hormones that regulate blood pressure and control the production of red blood cells.
- Activate a form of vitamin D that helps the body absorb calcium.
2.What are some of the kidney diseases?
a) Chronic Kidney Disease
- The most common form of kidney disease is chronic kidney disease caused by high blood pressure and diabetes.
- Kidney failure is the last (most severe) stage of chronic kidney disease. This called end-stage renal disease or ESRD for short.
- Other causes include, Autoimmune diseases, such as lupus/SLE and IgA nephropathy ,Genetic diseases ,polycystic kidney disease, Nephrotic syndrome and Urinary tract problems
b) Acute Renal Failure:
- This type of kidney failure is called acute kidney injury or acute renal failure and is of sudden onset. .
- Common causes of acute renal failure include Heart attack, Illegal drug use and drug abuse, not enough blood flowing to the kidneys, Urinary tract problems. However this type of kidney failure is not always permanent.
3.What are the common symptoms of kidney failure?
- Loss of appetite
- Changes in urine output
- Fluid retention
- Anemia (a decrease in red blood cells)
- Decreased sex drive
- Shortness of breath
4.When is a patient advised for kidney transplant?
A person is advised kidney transplant in the following conditions
Kidney Failure – Permanent (CKD Chronic Kidney Disease)
5. What is the treatment option a patient has for kidney failure?
The three treatment options Renal Replacement therapy.
- Peritoneal Dialyses
- Renal Transplantation for treating kidney failure.
6.What is kidney transplant?
- A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure which allows a person whose own kidneys have failed to receive a new kidney (recipient) from another person.(donor) A successful kidney transplant can improve many of the complications of kidney failure and is the best solution to patients whose kidneys have stopped working or are close to failing.
- The functioning kidney is removed either from a living donor or someone who is certified as having brain death.
- A transplanted kidney performs all the functions of a kidney a person has from birth
- Patient who are diagnosed with end stage kidney diseases are candidates for kidney transplantation. In other words the kidneys are not functioning optimally.
7.What are the types of kidney transplants available?
A) Living donor transplant: Become a Donor Today & Save a Life!
A living donor may be someone in your immediate or extended family, or it may be your spouse or a close friend. In some cases, a living donor may even be a stranger who wishes to donate a kidney to someone in need of a transplant.
Advantages of Live Donor Transplant are as follows:
- Receiving a kidney from a living donor has shown to last longer than a kidney from a deceased donor.
- The operation can be planned to suit your schedule, since it is not necessary to wait for a kidney to become available from a deceased donor.
B) Deceased donor (cadaver donor) is someone who has consented to donating his or her organs upon death. In situations where the wishes of the deceased donor are not known, family members may consent to organ donation.